Biotechnology, also known as "green biotechnology," is any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Biotechnology includes various techniques used to manipulate an organism’s genetic makeup, a term known as genetic engineering.
Biotechnology, also known as "green biotechnology," is any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Biotechnology involves many areas of science including molecular biology, genetics and genetic engineering. It has a wide range of applications including the manufacture of food products such as cheese and yogurt; the generation of pharmaceuticals such as insulin and human growth hormone; biofuels from microorganisms; and bio-based chemicals derived from plants rather than petroleum.
Biotechnology can be defined as all technologies based upon or related to biological processes; it encompasses both genetic engineering (GE) and genetic modification (GM). The fundamental distinction between these two terms is their approach: GE refers to the alteration of an organism’s genes at the cellular level by adding new genes from another species while GM refers to altering existing genes with fewer changes than those required for gene splicing.
Biotechnology is the application of biological techniques to industrial and other purposes. Among the many applications of biotechnology are human-made medicines, new food sources such as genetically modified crops, and industrial products such as biofuels.
As an academic discipline, biotechnology dates back to prehistory; however, most early work in this area was botanical rather than medical or agricultural. Modern definitions of biotechnology include genetic recombination; cell fusion; whole-organism manipulation such as gene therapy or tissue culture; or a variety of laboratory techniques including those applied to animals (bovine somatotrophin) and microorganisms (artificial sweeteners).
Biotechnology includes various techniques used to manipulate an organism’s genetic makeup, a term known as genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is not a new concept; however, it has only been made possible by recent advances in biotechnology. Today, it is possible to isolate specific pieces of DNA and recombine them in ways that could never be achieved through natural processes. This allows us to create drugs and vaccines against diseases such as HIV/AIDS or malaria.
Biotech crops enhance the productivity of farmers, improve nutrition and benefits the environment in many ways. For example, biotech crops can be used to produce biofuel from renewable sources. Biotech crops are more productive, using less water and energy than conventional crops. They also produce higher quality food with improved nutrition for consumers.
Molecular farming is a type of biotechnological method for producing pharmaceutical proteins in plants instead of animal cell cultures or microbial fermenters.
Molecular farming has been used by several companies to produce therapeutic proteins that are difficult or impossible to obtain from animals, such as antibodies and cytokines. It has also been used to produce plant-based versions of existing drugs, e.g., insulin. One advantage of molecular farming over other bioprocesses is that it allows the production of recombinant proteins in plants without having to use expensive fermentation facilities. This makes it more cost effective than growing cells in large fermentation tanks, which require specialized equipment and automated processes in order to maintain the correct conditions throughout growth and harvest cycles (e.g., temperature control).
Biotechnology is the science of making or modifying products and processes using biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof.
Examples of biotech companies include Genentech and Amgen.
Biotechnology is a science that will save lives. In the future, it will be used to cure diseases at the molecular level and save millions of lives. Biotechnology has already made a great impact on human health in medicine and agriculture, but there are many other areas where biotechnology can contribute.
Genetic engineering refers to a whole range of techniques that are used to alter the genetic makeup of an organism. The most common type of genetic engineering is called recombinant DNA technology, which involves removing genes from one organism and inserting them into another. This can be done through traditional breeding methods, but it also allows scientists to make more precise alterations in order to give plants or animals new traits. For example, if you want to develop a crop that’s more resistant to disease, you might isolate a gene that makes an existing variety immune and insert it into your plant.
In contrast, biotechnology refers specifically to the production of products using living organisms—such as bacteria or yeast—that have been genetically modified in some way so they produce substances like insulin or vaccines.
Biotechnology is a scientific discipline that uses biology to solve problems. Biotechnology is used in many different fields, including medicine, agriculture and the environment. For example, biotechnology can be used to increase food production or solve environmental problems like pollution.
Biotechnology is the application of science and engineering to the processing of materials by biological agents. It can be used to create new products, improve existing products, and make better crops.
Biotech is a field with a lot of potential and we are excited about the future!